There are six steps to help you better understand the pest and
how to deal with it:
1. What is it?
2. Where does the pest live, breed, and what does it eat?
3. How many pests are there?
4. How many pests are too many?
5. What is the best way to get rid of the pest?
6. How well are your pest management efforts working?
Where are Pests Found and How Do I Prevent/Get Rid of
Termites – Found in wood that is in direct contact with the
soil; stored newspapers and cardboard boxes; wood (e.g., tree
stumps and construction debris buried in backfill); fence
posts; wall voids; porches. To get rid of them you must break
the wood-to-soil contact; remove scrap wood and paper
debris; improve drainage away from structure; inspect vapor
barriers; improve ventilation in crawl spaces.
Termite Baiting – Termite baits consist of paper, cardboard,
or other acceptable termite food, combined with a slowacting
substance lethal to termites. Dig holes about 6″ deep,
big enough for the bait stations. Always be alert for utility
wires, water pipes, gas lines, etc. When backfilling the dirt
after the station is placed in the ground, make sure there are
no air pockets around the bait stations. Also, make sure the
lip of the station is flush with the ground. Make sure to mark
the location of the bait stations.
Liquid Termiticides – Traditional / Barrier Treatments – For
outside basement walls apply the chemical by injecting it
along the foundation through a hollow rod attached at the
end. This is called “rodding”. The result is a continuous
chemical barrier from footing to surface. This should be
applied to both the inside and outside of the foundation and
also around piers, chimney bases, pipes, conduits, and other
structures in contact to the soil.
Traditional – Conventional Chemical Termite Treatments -
The insecticides remain effective in the soil for
approximately 5 to 10 years. Each product has slight
advantages and disadvantages. Conventional treatment for
termite control requires the services of a licensed
exterminator. Several firms in Ontario are qualified, and your
Yellow Pages or a Local Search for Pest Control will assist
you in locating companies in your area.
Ants – Found in water damaged wood; fence posts; decking;
firewood; door and window voids; attics; utility piping; dead
parts of trees and stumps; tree branches contacting roof;
kitchen cabinets; wall voids; gaps under doors and around
utility piping; house plants; cracks in pavement; under
landscape timbers, rocks and mulch. To get rid of them you
must eliminate the conditions that favor moisture
accumulation; move and aerate firewood; remove dead trees,
stumps and overhanging branches contacting house as well as
rotten railroad ties in landscape; remove food sources; seal all
cracks and crevices; locate and eliminate nests; correct
drainage in houseplants; seal cracks in pavement and concrete
Ant Baits - a ready to use product for use in controlling
carpenter ants and other ants both indoors and outdoors
Ant Killer Bait Gel – provides fast control of ants in 3-5 days.
It is a fast acting bait, but slow enough so that the foraging
ants return to the colony and feed the bait to larvae and
queen(s) so that the entire colony is killed through this type
of Domino effect.
Insecticide and Aerosol For Inside and Outside Ant Control -
long-lasting, and effective at controlling entire ant and roach
populations by striking ants inside your home where they
cause the most trouble. But if you have an ant problem, the
ants in your house probably have their nests outside-they
travel back and forth.
Cockroaches – Found in kitchens; grocery bags; unrefrigerated
vegetables; toasters, radios and TVs; bathrooms;
electrical and plumbing conduits; floor drains. To prevent
them you must clean up spilled foods and water; eliminate
harborage and pathway areas by sealing or screening; repair
water leaks; increase ventilation; inspect incoming foods and
Residual Sprays – control of most pests within minutes, and
offers a residual that can last up to several months, even at
considerably low use rates.
Granulars - applied along the outside perimeter of the home
in a 5 to 10 feet band as a perimeter barrier. A normal
application would be around 4 pounds. It can also be used in
crawl spaces. It is safe towards non-target animals such as
birds, reptiles and mammals.
Roach Bait Gel - will kill up to 40 other roaches via
droppings and dead bodies. Roaches are cannibalistic and
will eat other dead or dying roaches. The roaches are not
social insects like ants and termites; they do not carry the bait
back to feed the young.
Aerosol “bombs” - very popular because they are perhaps the
easiest way to kill exposed roaches without much effort, just
push the button and leave the premises for a couple of hours.
Mice & Rats – Found under sinks; kitchen cabinets; stored
food; storage areas; wall voids; inside appliances; closets;
firewood; attics; garages; and basements. To prevent them
you must install physical barriers; eliminate food and water;
remove nesting sites; inspect incoming boxes.
Snap Traps, Glue Traps and Live Traps – spring-loaded traps
are easy and safe to use. Place traps on a hard surface,
perpendicular to a wall so that the trigger end is toward the
wall. Traps should be set in areas where there is high activity
such as fresh droppings, gnawings, rub marks, burrows, or
Rat and Mice Bait and Bait Stations – poison baits that come
in seed, pellets, liquid or block forms. Space baits between 15
and 50 feet apart for rats (mice bait placements are much
closer). Use closer spacing of bait placements in a heavy
infestation, placing bait between their harboraging areas and
Domestic House Spiders – Found in holes or cracks in a
structure; basements; crawl spaces; attics; garages;
basements; and outdoors in vegetation. To get rid of them
you must remove or limit heavy, ground-covering vegetation;
seal cracks and holes in building exteriors; install tight-fitting
screens on all attic and foundation vents; seal holes around
pipes indoors to prevent spiders from entering the home
along plumbing lines in basements or crawl spaces.
Wettable Powder Insecticide – Spray around all entry points
like doors and windows, spray along baseboards, indoor
plumbing connections, in the basements and garages, and
sprayed in the upper corners where they may web.
Aerosol - For indoor and outdoor use. Killing action and
Dusts/Dusters - Odorless, non-staining. Does not clump or
Flying Insects – Found in garbage; faulty plumbing;
eaves; attics; light fixtures; wall voids; puddles of water and
other moist areas. To prevent them you must install or repair
screens; change lighting; improve drainage; remove garbage
daily; keep trashcans clean and tightly covered; repair cracks
around siding, windows and doors.
Bed Bugs – Bed bugs can live in almost any crevice or
protected location. They will usually stay close to their food
source (blood) but can rapidly spread through a multiple
residence building, hotel or other accommodations. The most
common place to find them is the bed. Bed bugs often hide
within seams, tufts, and crevices of the mattress, box spring,
bed frame and headboard.
What are the best ways to prevent pest problems in the
· Repair all screens and seal any cracks or openings in walls
and around windows and doors.
· Keep woodpiles, leaves and landscape plantings away from
the walls of your house.
· Prevent carpenter ants problems by protecting wood
surfaces from decay and repairing damaged wood surfaces
(e.g., steps, decks, windowsills).
· Avoid ants in the kitchen by cleaning up drips and spills of
any sweets like ketchup and jam. Also, ants use scent trails
left by other ants to find food sources in your house -
wiping up the scent trail with soap and water will reduce
indoor ant problems