Maplelawn Historic Garden, Ottawa
One of the few left standing of its era, this 19th-century wall garden has been designated a natural historic site. Built as the home for Scottish immigrant William Thompson in 1831, the Maplelawn house has passed through many hands, but the building and remaining walled garden provide a clear record of the way European architectural and landscape ideas were transplanted to Canada. Though its fruit trees and vegetable gardens have been turned to lawn, the original four-square flower bed plan, with an oval bed at the centre, remains intact. Surrounded on three sides by limestone walls, the garden is designed to provide both beauty, and welcome seclusion from the hustle and bustle of public life.