Tips for Better Composting

Composting is the natural process of breaking down organic material, such as kitchen and yard waste, to produce a nutrient-rich, soil-like material. The process works with the help of micro-organisms such as bacteria and fungi combined with air and moisture. It's beneficial to plants tress and shrubs as it returns valuable nutrients back to the earth and help retain water in the soil. It turns part of your kitchen waste into usable resources, for free and reduces the amount of garbage sent to landfills.  And it's easy to do!  

Lots of natural organic material can be composted:

  • grass clippings
  • garden and flower trimings
  • leaves
  • weeds (before they flower)
  • vegetable and fruit scraps and trimmings
  • tea leaves, coffee grounds and filters
  • eggshells and nutshells

 Don’t ever compost:

  • meat, fish, or bones
  • animal or human waste
  • rhubarb leaves
  • sick or diseased plants
  • dairy products, oils or fats 

Fully finished compost is a great natural alternative to store bought chemical fertilizers and can be used in all sorts spots. Vegetable and flower gardens, planter boxes, indoor plants, on lawns and around shrubs and tree bases.

How to make your own compost:

It's simple, use your kitchen scraps!  Kitchen scraps are typically high in nitrogen, which helps heat up the compost pile and speed up the composting process.

If you’re using a compost pile, bigger is often better. Heat builds up with a big pile. You don’t want to get much bigger than about 3 feet square.  Aerating is important.  If you are composting with a tumbling composter, make sure you turn it whenever you add new materials. If you are composting with a pile, or a non-tumbling compost bin, be sure to mix up the contents so that the pile gets enough oxygen to can break down effectively.

Your compost pile needs the right balance of moisture to keep the process active. Don’t let it get so wet that it gets soggy and starts to stink but be careful not to let it dry out.

Too much of any one material will slow down the composting process. If you have all leaves, all grass clippings or an overload of any other single type of material, it can throw off the balance of the pile. In general, it’s good to keep a mix of green and brown material to optimize the process.



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