Amortization : The repayment of a loan through installment payments.
Amortization Schedule : A schedule of payments designed to liquidate a debt. May be over any agreed upon period of time. An example of this would be a standard 30-year mortgage amortization wherein a borrower would make 360 equal consecutive monthly payments at the end of which the original loan would be paid in full.
Amortization Term : The agreed upon number of months or years a borrower will be making payments to liquidate an original debt.
Appraised Value : The value assigned to a property by a licensed professional to assess its fair market value.
Bankruptcy : A debtor that is judged legally insolvent and whose remaining property is then administered for the creditors or is distributed among them.
Cash Out Refinance : A type of loan wherein an existing loan is refinanced and the borrower is allowed to receive cash in addition to the amount of the home loan. The cash is considered part of the amount financed and is part of the lien against the property securing the loan.
Closing : The time at which all loan documents have been signed and a period wherein the borrower has the right to rescind has passed. A loan has closed when funds are disbursed to the appropriate parties and a lien against the property has been placed by the creditor for the amount of the "closed" loan.
Consumer Reporting Agency : Also known as a bureau, a Credit Reporting Agency tracks payment history, account activity and other relevant public records for the purposes of determining credit worthiness of indaviduals.
Credit History : A history of an individuals ability to pay their bills on time as well as any other relevant public records.
Credit Report : A report outlining an individuals credit history, public records and credit worthiness.
Equity : The difference between what is owed against a property and its fair market value is the properties Equity.
First Loan : This is what most people think of when someone says mortgage. It is a loan in first position against a property that is usually the balance of the loan used to purchase a property in the first place. All other loans against the property are subordinate to this loan.
Foreclosure : Procedure whereby property pledged as security for a debt is sold to pay the debt in the event of default in payments or terms.
Housing Expense Ratio : Also known as Debt to Income Ratio, This number is calculated by dividing all of a borrowers monthly obligations by their monthly gross income. Example : Mark has a total of $1200 in monthly bills and his gross income is $2400 per month. Therefore: 1200/2400 = 50%. Mark's Debt to Income Ratio is 50%.
Lien : A form of encumbrance which usually makes property security for the payment of a debt or discharge of an obligation. Examples would include: judgements, taxes, mortgages, deeds of trust, etc.
Loan Modification :Changes in the terms of an existing mortgage or loan that are permanent. Loan Modifications can affect interest rates, principle, term, alternative payment, etc.
Loan Origination : The beginning of the loan process. Initial contact wherein the borrower and lender agree to work together to secure a loan. Usually an application is taken and an initial quote is given. The borrower is asked to supply documents supporting the information that is included in the application and upon which the quote is based.
Loan to Value (LTV) : The Loan to Value is the percentage of what is owed against the property vs. what the properties fair market value is.
Lock : A commitment from a lender to guarantee an interest rate for a borrower for a period of time. Rate locks expire after an agreed upon time.
Mortgage Banker : A direct mortgage lender. No middlemen here. A mortgage banker or lender funds loans in his or her own name and is usually more competitive than a broker in terms of "points" and "fees".
Mortgage Broker : A person who arranges mortgage loans through mortgage bankers. This person acts as a middleman and is not limited to the restrictions of having to go through only one lender. This person can "shop" your loan to get you the best rate and term available.
Mortgagee : One to whom a mortgagor gives a mortgage to secure a loan or performance of an obligation, a lender.
Mortgagor : One who gives a mortgage on his property to secure a loan or assure performance of an obligation, a borrower.
Net Worth : Net worth is the difference between an individuals assets and liabilities. Net worth takes into consideration all assets and liabilities liquid or not and can be a positive or negative number.
No Cash Out Refinance : Also known as a "Rate and Term" refinance, this is a loan in which a lender simply refinances the existing first mortgage and no other bills are paid off and the borrower receives no cash as part of the transaction. These loans are usually done to improve the borrower's interest rate and to lower their mortgage payment.
Prepayment : Provision made for loan payments to be larger than those specified in the note.
Principal : This term is used to mean the amount of money borrowed or the amount of the loan.
Principal Balance : The balance of the amount of the loan that is outstanding.
Processor : A liaison between the loan officer and the funder of a loan. The processor's responsibility is to meet all of the pre-funding conditions of a loan including, gathering all documentation and the clarification of information.
Remaining Term : The time that is left before a loan is paid in full.
Sub-Prime or sub prime : A sub-prime loan is any loan in which the borrower has challenges in obtaining mortgage financing because of poor credit, hard to document income or assets, or any unique situation that would prevent them from obtaining funding through "conforming" lenders.
Term : The agreed to amount of time for repayment of a loan.
Trust Deed : Just as with a mortgage, this is a legal document by which a borrower pledges certain real property or collateral as guarantee for the repayment of a loan.
Trustee : One who holds property in trust for another to secure the performance of an obligation.