The septic tank is a very delicate feature of a house despite its size and its nature and it requires some very specific practices to keep it in good working order. Performing an inspection on a routine basis is vital to maintaining the tranquility of its processes and the effectiveness of its design. A common septic tank inspection that hits all of the major points should include the following items:
1. An inspection of the tees and baffles of your septic system. The baffle is an important connection on the outside wall of your system, which is melded into the exterior during the manufacturing process. Concrete baffles are the most common cause of problems if they are not inspected properly for cracks and fractures, as this can indicate future failure. Tees are plastic tubing inserts that are used in cases where a baffle fails to be structurally sound and they are generally made out of PVC piping like a lot of your drain tubing.
2. A proper check for water backwashing into the tank, after the septic tank has been fully pumped of all its contents. Water, whether it enters the tank from the pipes of your house or the pipes from the outlets in the drain field, can indicate a potentially serious problem. During this segment, it is imperative that you do not use the water in your house, as it could skew the results and create a false positive. If you have water coming from your house into the tank without running water, it means that you most likely have an issue with a leaking pipe. Water washing back into the tank from the outlet pipes generally indicates that you have a clog in the drain field. Both situations will require your immediate attention.
3. Checking the effluence filter for proper water flow. If the effluent water is unable to successfully leave the tank or if you have unfiltered water leaving the tank and traveling to the drain field, you could have a serious problem. The inspector will remove and clean the septic filter and outlet pipes to ensure it is working properly.
4. A complete examination of the septic risers is important. Risers are dense plastic or concrete tubes and covers that seal off the access to your septic tank as a safety measure. The inspector will check the structural integrity of the risers to ensure that they are able to safely protect access to the tank, as well as making sure they seal properly.
Just like the functioning of all complex systems, a septic tank requires a routine checkup and possible maintenance to keep it working properly. If you neglect to get your septic system inspected by a licensed professional on a regular basis, you could end up with very costly household damage or you could risk contaminating the groundwater with foul septic water. A complete septic inspection will help you correct any potential problems that could arise and it will give you peace of mind knowing that you have done everything you need to do to keep your septic system running efficiently.