REGIONAL MUNICIPALITY OF DURHAM
Summary: The Regional Municipality of Durham – known as ‘Durham Region’ – lies immediately to the east of the City of Toronto within the Greater Toronto Area and encompasses an area of about 2,590 square kilometres (1,000 square miles). It has a population of 660,675 and a labour force of 362,900. Learn more at www.durham.ca/www.investdurham.ca.
Municipalities: Durham is a diverse area characterized by major lakeshore urban communities and small towns, villages, hamlets and farms. To the north, it spreads into the prime recreational lakelands of Simcoe, Scugog and the Kawarthas. Durham is comprised of eight municipalities:
- Ajax (Town of): www.visitajax.ca
- Brock (Township of): http://townshipofbrock.ca/
- Clarington (Municipality of): www.clarington.net
- Oshawa (City of): www.oshawa.ca
- Pickering (City of): www.pickering.ca
- Scugog (Township of): www.scugog.ca
- Uxbridge (Township of): http://town.uxbridge.on.ca/
- Whitby (Town of): www.whitby.ca
Transportation: Durham offers prime access to Canada’s largest market of more than 5.5 million people, with 135 million American and Canadian customers within a day’s drive. Its transportation infrastructure includes Hwy. 401, Hwy. 407, Hwy. 412, Hwy. 115, Pearson International Airport, Billy Bishop Toronto City Airport, Oshawa Municipal Airport, Oshawa Harbour and access to provincial and national railway systems: CN, CP and GO Transit.
Hwy. 407 expansion: The toll highway is now open to Harmony Road in Oshawa. Hwy. 412, which connects Hwy. 407 and Hwy. 401, is also open. The second phase of construction includes extending Hwy. 407 from Harmony Road to Hwy. 35/115, and Hwy. 418 connecting Hwy. 407 to Hwy. 401. This second and final section is set to be complete by 2020, with an interim opening from Harmony Road to Taunton Road at Hwy. 418 by late 2017. Visit http://highway407east.com/ for more information and updates.
GO Transit expansion (www.gotransit.com): GO Transit's Lakeshore East rail corridor will be extended to offer new GO train service from Oshawa to Bowmanville, with four new stations set to be developed at Thornton Road in Oshawa, Ritson Road in Oshawa, Courtice Road in Courtice and Martin Road in Bowmanville. The new GO rail service is expected to begin by 2023 to 2024.
Durham Region Transit (www.durhamregiontransit.com): A single fare allows you to travel across Durham. DRT also offers connections to GO Transit and the TTC. With PULSE, you can travel across Hwy. 2 between Oshawa and University of Toronto Scarborough on a high-frequency rapid transit line. DRT Specialized Services provides accessible-door-to-accessible-door transit service for persons with disabilities.
Key economic sectors:
- Advanced manufacturing: This diversified and well-balanced sector offers expertise in the automotive, metal fabrication, environmental, biological and life sciences, aerospace sectors and engineered assembly systems.
- Agriculture and agri-business: Home to an abundance of prime farmland, the region’s agri-business sector ranges from livestock to product, food processing and manufacturing of bio-based products.
- Digital technology: Durham is part of the GTA’s interactive digital media cluster, the third-largest in North America – behind only New York and California.
- Energy: Ontario’s “energy capital,” Durham produces 30 per cent of the province’s power and is a recognized energy cluster. Major employers include Ontario Power Generation, which operates nuclear stations in Darlington and Pickering.
- Tourism: A series of major lakeshore urban communities along Lakes Ontario, Scugog and Simcoe complements a variety of small towns, villages, hamlets and farms.
Education and training: Located within Durham are the University of Ontario Institute of Technology (UOIT), Trent University Durham, Durham College and the Pickering Learning Site (home to graduate courses offered by Centennial and Durham Colleges), as well as a number of private institutions.