# OPERATING COSTS OF HOUSEHOLD APPLIANCES

## Where does all that electricity go?

When you receive your monthly electric bill, do you know where the power was used?

This graph shows how energy is used in the average home. Your use may vary depending on your lifestyle, the size of your family and the size and age of your appliances. The amount used also varies with the weather and the seasons.

Once you have an idea how the electricity is being used, you may be able to figure out ways to cut back. Or you may find that the cost of operating all those electrical appliances and heating your hot water is worth it.

When trying to conserve energy, concentrate on the areas of large usage. In winter, heating will be over one half of the energy going into the home. The next area with the greatest potential for savings will be your hot water heater.

Bills are figured on your use of kilowatt hours, which are 1,000 watt hours. You can figure the cost per month for an appliance from its wattage.

For example, let's say that all of the light bulbs in your house are 100 watts, and your family has had the lights on for a total of 200 hours last month. Multiply the 200 hours last month by the 100 watts and you have 20,000 watt hours, or 20 kilowatt hours. Multiply the 20 kilowatt hours times the cost per kilowatt hour. If each kilowatt costs 6 cents, the lights cost \$1.20 for the month.

Appliances which produce heat take the most electricity. A space heater may take 1,500 watts per hour. Let's say the heater is run four hours a day. Four times 1,500 gives us 6,000 watts per day and 180,000 watts in a 30-day month (180 kilowatt hours). Multiply the 180 kilowatt hours times 6 cents and you'll find that it costs \$10.80 to operate the space heater four a hours day for a month.

The costs computed for use are based on the energy consumed for typical appliances and the average use of the appliances. Your individual appliances and use patterns may vary, so you may want to figure exactly what it costs to operate your specific appliance. It's not very difficult if you have the correct information.

All electrical appliances have the wattage listed somewhere on the appliance. You can use this figure to determine the cost of operation. For example, an electric space heater which lists 1,300 as the wattage, costs 7.8¢ per hour to operate. Here's how that figure is reached:

## Example:

1,300 watts ÷ 1,000 (watts per kWh)

1.3kWh x 6¢ per hour = 7.8¢ per hour

Wattage of appliance ÷ 1,000 x Hours used per month = kWh per month

To figure operating cost per month:

kWH used per month x Your cost per kWh = Operating cost per month

Thermostatically controlled appliances are not "on" 100 percent of the time. An electric oven, for example, is "on" about 50 percent of the time when baking.

## Typical Operating Costs of Electric Household Appliances

 Appliance TypicalWattage Estimated HoursUsed Per Month EstimatedMonthly kWh Cost Per Monthat 7.8¢ Per kWh Air Conditioner (12,000 BTU) 1500 200.0 300.0 \$23.40 Air Conditioner (36,000 BTU) 4500 200.0 900.0 70.20 Auto Engine Heater 600 40.0 24.0 1.87 Battery Charger (Car) 150 15.0 2.3 .18 Blender 385 2.0 .8 .06 Bug Zapper 40 300.0 12.0 .94 CD, Tape, Radio, Receiver System 250 60.0 15.0 1.17 Clock 3 730.0 2.2 .17 Clothes Dryer 5000 17.0 85.0 6.63 Coffee Maker (Auto Drip) 1165 4.0 4.7 .37 Compactor 400 10.0 4.0 .31 Computer (With Monitor and Printer) 365 75.0 27.4 2.14 Convection Oven 1500 8.0 12.0 .94 Curling Iron 1500 5.0 7.2 .56 Dehumidifier (20 Pints, Summer) 450 360.0 162.0 12.64 Dishwasher (Dry Cycle) 1200 25.0 30.0 2.34 Dishwasher (Wash Cycle) 200 25.0 5.0 .39 Disposal 420 60.0 25.2 1.97 Electric Blanket 175 180.0 31.5 2.46 Electric Heat (Baseboard, Furnace, Heat Pump) Call Cornhusker Power for a heating estimate. Fan (Attic) 400 71.0 28.4 2.22 Fan (Ceiling) 80 150.0 12.0 .94 Freezer (Automatic Defrost 15 cu. ft.) 440 334.0 147.0 11.47 Freezer (Manual Defrost, 15 cu. ft.) 350 292.0 102.2 7.97 Fry Pan 1200 10.0 12.0 .94 Garage Door Opener 350 3.0 1.1 .09 Hair Dryer (Hand Held) 1000 10.0 10.0 .78 Heat Lamp 250 5.0 1.3 .10 Heat Tape (30ft., Winter) 180 720.0 129.6 10.11 Heater (Auto Engine, Winter) 1000 180.0 180.0 14.04 Heater (Portable) 1500 40.0 60.0 4.68 Heating System (Warm Air Fan) 312 288.0 89.9 7.01 Humidifier (Winter) 177 230.0 40.7 3.17 Iron 1000 5.0 5.0 .39 Jacuzzi (Maintain Temperature, 2 Person) 1500 93.0 139.5 10.88 Lighting (Incandescent) 75 100.0 7.5 .59 Lighting (Fluorescent) 40 100.0 4.0 .31 Lighting (Compact Fluorescent) 18 100.0 1.8 .14 Lighting (Outdoor Floor) 120 90.0 10.8 .84 Microwave Oven 1500 11.0 16.5 1.29 Mixer, Hand 100 10.0 1.0 .08 Motor (1 HP) 1000 20.0 20.0 1.56 Power Tools (Circular Saw) 1800 1.0 1.8 .14 Radio 71 101.0 7.2 .56 Range (Oven) 2660 8.0 21.3 1.66 Range (Self Cleaning Cycle) 2500 3.0 7.5 .59 Refrigerator/Freezer (Frostfree,17.5cu.ft.) 450 333.0 149.9 11.69 Satellite Dish (Includes Receiver) 360 183.0 65.9 5.14 Sump Pump (1/2 HP) 500 20.0 10.0 .78 Television (Color, Solid State) 200 183.0 36.6 2.85 Toaster 1400 3.0 4.2 .33 Vacuum Cleaner 1560 6.0 9.4 .73 VCR/DVD 21 12.0 2.5 .02 Waffle Iron 1200 4.0 4.8 .37 Washer 512 17.0 8.7 .68 Waterbed Heater (Queen Size) 375 256.0 96.0 7.49 Water Heater (Quick Recovery) 4500 89.0 400.5 31.24 Water Pump (1/2 HP) 460 41.0 18.9 1.47 These figures are based on average use by a family of four at an electric rate of 7.8¢ per kilowatt hour.

http://www.cornhusker-power.com/householdappliances.asp