What to look for before you buy your new home

Your home isn’t just a place to live. It is also probably the biggest and most important investment you will
ever make.
To help you protect that investment and find a safe, comfortable place for your family to call home, Canada
Mortgage and Housing Corporation (CMHC) offers the following list of some of the things you should look
at before you buy a home, to make sure you won’t end up having to pay for a lot of expensive repairs:
■■ Brickwork and chimney pointing—look at the brickwork on the outside of the chimney. If it is
chipping, crumbling or, turning to powder, or if the mortar is starting to fall apart, it could be very
expensive to have it repaired.
■■ Decks and porches—look for signs of rotting wood, even under a fresh coat of paint. Soft spots or
places where the wood is splintered could be a sign of more widespread damage.
■■ Electrical system—if you are buying an older home, find out if the electrical panel has been upgraded.
If the service says 200 amps, it is an upgrade. A 60 or 100 amp panel has probably not been upgraded,
and may not be enough to meet the electricity needs of your family.
■■ Floors—what shape are the floors in? If the floors are hardwood, do they need to be sanded and
refinished? Refinishing isn’t very expensive, but it is easier if done before you move in, while the rooms
are still empty.
■■ Heating—find out how old the furnace is, and what kind of energy is used to heat the home. Natural gas
is generally the least expensive option, but it is not available everywhere. Oil and electricity are common
sources of energy in Canada but are more expensive, especially for a house with baseboard heaters.
■■ Insulation—insulation keeps your house warm in the winter and cool in the summer. If the house has
older plaster walls, it probably has little or no insulation. Hiring an insulation contractor to blow extra
insulation behind the walls can be expensive, but it will save you money on your heating bills in the long run.
■■ Parking—find out where you can park and how many parking spaces come with the house. Many older
houses in large cities, such as Montréal and Toronto, do not have a garage or driveway. If the house
does not have a driveway, can you get a parking permit from the city to park on the street? If not, do
municipal regulations allow you to build a driveway or parking spot?
■■ Plumbing—the plumbing system should be copper pipes with copper soldering, or PVC piping. Lead
pipes mean that the plumbing is old and will need to be upgraded in the future.
■■■ Roof—is the roof in good condition? A roof is usually good for 20 to 25 years. Some signs that you may
need to replace or repair the roof include leaks or water stains near the chimney and on the ceiling of
the top floor inside the home.
■■ Sewage and drains—hire a qualified inspector to find out if the sewer system and drains are working
properly. You should also find out if the sewage service from the street has been upgraded recently.
■■ Windows—if you are looking at an older home that has just single panes of glass in the windows, you
may need to upgrade to a new set of windows before you move in.
If you are buying an older home, it is always a good idea to hire a professional home inspector to inspect
the home before you buy. A home inspection will give you a complete understanding of the condition of
the home you are buying, before you buy it.
For more housing information, please visit Canada Mortgage and Housing Corporation at
www.cmhc.ca/newcomers.

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Susan E. Lemay

Susan E. Lemay

Sales Representative
CENTURY 21 Reynard Real Estate Ltd., Brokerage*
Contact Me

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