Legal Basement Apartment or Second unit, City of Brampton

Second Units


Second units are now permitted in detached, semi-detached and townhouse dwellings, subject to zoning requirements and restrictions. In order to be legal, second units must be registered with the City of Brampton.
For information on registration requirements, please click the following link:

Second Units

On April 22, 2015, City Council approved new policies permitting second units in the City of Brampton. Second units are now permitted in detached, semi-detached and townhouse dwellings, subject to zoning requirements.
Under the new policies:
  • Only one second unit is permitted per house.
  • In a bungalow, the second unit can be up to 75 per cent of the primary unit’s gross floor area (GFA). For all other houses, the second unit can be up to 45 per cent of the primary unit’s GFA.
  • There must be one parking space for the second unit, in addition to the required parking for the primary unit.
  • There must be a 1.2 metre clear path of travel to a door in the side or rear yard that provides access to a second unit.

Second units offer Brampton residents another option for safe, affordable housing, but in order to be legal, they must be registered with the City of Brampton.

Before registration is approved, units must be inspected by the City to ensure they comply with the Ontario Building Code and/or Fire Code; approval from the Electrical Safety Authority is also required. Units must also meet all Zoning and Property Standards regulations.

Homeowners who do not register their second unit with the City may be subject to a fine of up to $25,000 for individuals or $50,000 for a corporation.

To view the staff Recommendation Report presented to the April 13, 2015 Planning and Infrastructure Services Committee, please click here.
To view the presentation please click here.

Brampton’s Implementation of Bill 140: Strong Communities through Affordable Housing Act, 2011 

Second units — also known as accessory or basement apartments, secondary suites/units, two-unit housing, “granny flats” and in-law flats — are self-contained residential units with kitchen and bathroom facilities within dwellings or within structures accessory to dwellings.

About Bill 140 

HouseIn 2010, the Ministry of Municipal Affairs and Housing released Building Foundations: Building Futures, Ontario’s Long-Term Affordable Housing Strategy(LTAHS). As part of the strategy, Bill 140: Strong Communities through Affordable Housing Act, 2011 was introduced to Parliament on November 29, 2010 and received Royal Assent on May 4, 2011. 

To further expand affordable housing opportunities, Bill 140 amended various sections of the Planning Act by requiring municipalities to implement official plan policies and zoning by-law provisions that allow second units in detached, semi–detached and townhouses, or as accessory units.  

Municipalities are responsible for determining what standards or zoning provisions should apply to second units with regards to matters such as minimum unit size or parking requirements. Second units must comply with all other applicable laws and requirements, including Building Code, Fire Code, and property standards. The proposed changes would not “grandfather” (or legalize) any existing second unit that does not meet these requirements. For more information on changes to the Planning Act and on second units visit theMinistry of Municipal Affairs and Housing website.

In response to direction in Bill 140 for municipalities to permit second units, Brampton initiated a Second Unit Policy Review in 2012.

For more information on the City’s policy review for second units please contact:

Claudia LaRota, MCIP, RPP
Policy Planner, Land Use Policy 
Phone: 905-874-3844 | Fax: 905-874-2099

Click here to go to the By-law Enforcement page and find additional information on second units in Brampton (i.e. basement apartments).

Varinder Puaar

Varinder Puaar

Sales Representative
CENTURY 21 Legacy Ltd., Brokerage*
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